Languages Wiki
Basic information
  • South America
    • Argentina
    • Brazil
      • Mato Grosso do Sul
    • Paraguay
Language family
Language codes

Guaicuruan, also known as Guaykuruan, Waikurúan, Guaycuruano, Guaikurú, Guaicurú, Guaycuruana, is a language family spoken in South America, particularly in Argentina, Paraguay, and the Mato Grosso do Sul state of Brazil.


The Guaicuruan languages are usually classified as follows:

The languages, Abipón, Guachí, and Payaguá are currently extinct.

Harriet Klein, a linguist, disagrees with the assumption that Kadiweu is Guaicuruan. Most others, however, accept the inclusion of Kadiweu into this family.

Genetic relations[]

Jorge Suárez includes this language family with the Charruan languages in his hypothetical Waikuru-Charrúa stock.

Morris Swadesh includes the Guaicuruan languages with the Matacoan, Charruan, and Mascoyan languages in his Macro-Mapuche stock.

Joseph Greenberg places this language family within a Mataco-Guaicuru group similar to Swadesh's Macro-Mapuche, with the exception that Greenberg's Mataco-Guaicuru the Lule-Vilela languages. Mataco-Guaicuru is then connected to the Panoan, Tacanan, and the Mosetenan languages in his large Macro-Panoan language phylum.

Kaufman (1990) suggests that the Guaicuruan-Matacoan-Charruan-Mascoyan-Lule-Vilela proposal needs to be explored and researched, in a grouping which he calls Macro-Waikurúan. His 1994 edition of Macro-Waikurúan excludes the Lule-Vilela.


  • Guaicuruan languages on Wikipedia
  • Adelaar, Willem F. H.; & Muysken, Pieter C. (2004). The languages of the Andes. Cambridge language surveys. Cambridge University Press.
  • Campbell, Lyle. (1997). American Indian languages: The historical linguistics of Native America. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509427-1.
  • Censabella, Marisa. (1999). Las lenguas indígenas de la Argentina. (pp 60-77). Buenos Aires: Editorial Universitaria de Buenos Aires. ISBN 950-23-0956-1.
  • Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (Ed.). (2005). Ethnologue: Languages of the world (15th ed.). Dallas, TX: SIL International. ISBN 1-55671-159-X. (Online version:
  • Greenberg, Joseph H. (1987). Language in the Americas. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • Kaufman, Terrence. (1990). Language history in South America: What we know and how to know more. In D. L. Payne (Ed.), Amazonian linguistics: Studies in lowland South American languages (pp. 13-67). Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-70414-3.
  • Kaufman, Terrence. (1994). The native languages of South America. In C. Mosley & R. E. Asher (Eds.), Atlas of the world's languages (pp. 46-76). London: Routledge.

External links[]