Basic information
Language family
Language codes

Guaicuruan, also known as Guaykuruan, Waikurúan, Guaycuruano, Guaikurú, Guaicurú, Guaycuruana, is a language family spoken in South America, particularly in Argentina, Paraguay, and the Mato Grosso do Sul state of Brazil.


The Guaicuruan languages are usually classified as follows:

The languages, Abipón, Guachí, and Payaguá are currently extinct.

Harriet Klein, a linguist, disagrees with the assumption that Kadiweu is Guaicuruan. Most others, however, accept the inclusion of Kadiweu into this family.

Genetic relationsEdit

Jorge Suárez includes this language family with the Charruan languages in his hypothetical Waikuru-Charrúa stock.

Morris Swadesh includes the Guaicuruan languages with the Matacoan, Charruan, and Mascoyan languages in his Macro-Mapuche stock.

Joseph Greenberg places this language family within a Mataco-Guaicuru group similar to Swadesh's Macro-Mapuche, with the exception that Greenberg's Mataco-Guaicuru the Lule-Vilela languages. Mataco-Guaicuru is then connected to the Panoan, Tacanan, and the Mosetenan languages in his large Macro-Panoan language phylum.

Kaufman (1990) suggests that the Guaicuruan-Matacoan-Charruan-Mascoyan-Lule-Vilela proposal needs to be explored and researched, in a grouping which he calls Macro-Waikurúan. His 1994 edition of Macro-Waikurúan excludes the Lule-Vilela.


  • Guaicuruan languages on Wikipedia
  • Adelaar, Willem F. H.; & Muysken, Pieter C. (2004). The languages of the Andes. Cambridge language surveys. Cambridge University Press.
  • Campbell, Lyle. (1997). American Indian languages: The historical linguistics of Native America. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509427-1.
  • Censabella, Marisa. (1999). Las lenguas indígenas de la Argentina. (pp 60-77). Buenos Aires: Editorial Universitaria de Buenos Aires. ISBN 950-23-0956-1.
  • Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (Ed.). (2005). Ethnologue: Languages of the world (15th ed.). Dallas, TX: SIL International. ISBN 1-55671-159-X. (Online version:
  • Greenberg, Joseph H. (1987). Language in the Americas. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • Kaufman, Terrence. (1990). Language history in South America: What we know and how to know more. In D. L. Payne (Ed.), Amazonian linguistics: Studies in lowland South American languages (pp. 13-67). Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-70414-3.
  • Kaufman, Terrence. (1994). The native languages of South America. In C. Mosley & R. E. Asher (Eds.), Atlas of the world's languages (pp. 46-76). London: Routledge.

External linksEdit

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.