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General information

Andaman Islands


Extinct (disputed)

Language family
  • Andamanese (?)
    • Great Andamanese
      • Central
        • A-Pucikwar
Language codes
ISO 639-1


ISO 639-2

ISO 639-3


A-Pucikwar or Pucikwar is a disputed extinct language spoken on the Andaman Islands of India, formerly spoken by the A-Pucikwar on the south coast on the Middle Andaman Island, the northeast coast of South Andaman Island, and on Baratang.

Great Andamanese languages, including A-Pucikwar in light orange.

As the colonization and settlement of the Andaman Islands increased from the late 19th century to the early 20th century, the indigenous Great Andamanese were reduced in numbers and became exiled from their native and traditional territories. The small amount of surviving Great Andamanese soon lost their cultural and linguistic distinctions that were present at the onset of the 19th century, when more than ten distinct tribal and linguistic groups were recorded. As a language and distinct identity, A-Pucikwar and the other groups presumably died out in the 20th century. The few remaining Great Andamanese families–assimilated from several former communities and some with admixture of the Karen and Indian settlers– were resettled on Strait Island. About half of these speak today a creolised language based mainly off of Aka-Jeru, along with some A-Pucikwar, Hindi, and Burmese. The remainder only speak Hindi.


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